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Pour un néo-impérialisme et un néo-colonialisme humanitaires

Posté le dimanche 12 mars 2006 par jc durbant

Stimulantes réflexions d’un ancien conseiller de Tony Blair, qui, il y a déjà quatre ans et avec la tranquille décontraction que permet le légendaire pragmatisme anglo-saxon, avait le mérite de mettre le doigt sur des réalités que n’ose à peine imaginer – et encore moins penser -, sur le Continent, le discours PC habituel de nos théologiens du tout-assistanat.

Mais ce néo-impérialisme ou ce néo-colonialisme que l’auteur appelle de ses voeux et qui a été et est toujours l’objet de tant de critiques des milieux de gauche ou du fameux « Camp de la paix », est-il autre chose, comme l’auteur le dit lui-même, que l’explicitation de ce que l’Europe est en train de faire depuis maintenant dix ans dans un pays comme le Kosovo ?
Et surtout ne propose-t-il pas là ce que pourrait être une  « politique africaine » digne de ce nom au lieu de la méprisable caricature que depuis plus de quarante ans nous présente – sans le dire et donc sans le penser véritablement – un pays comme la France … ?

Morceaux choisis:

« The challenge to the postmodern world is to get used to the idea of double standards. Among ourselves, we operate on the basis of laws and open cooperative security. But when dealing with more old-fashioned kinds of states outside the postmodern continent of Europe, we need to revert to the rougher methods of an earlier era – force, pre-emptive attack, deception, whatever is necessary to deal with those who still live in the nineteenth century world of every state for itself. Among ourselves, we keep the law but when we are operating in the jungle, we must also use the laws of the jungle.

The pre-modern world is a world of failed states. Here the state no longer fulfils Weber’s criterion of having the monopoly on the legitimate use of force. Either it has lost the legitimacy or it has lost the monopoly of the use of force; often the two go together. Examples of total collapse are relatively rare, but the number of countries at risk grows all the time. Some areas of the former Soviet Union are candidates, including Chechnya. All of the world’s major drug-producing areas are part of the pre-modern world. Until recently there was no real sovereign authority in Afghanistan; nor is there in upcountry Burma or in some parts of South America, where drug barons threaten the state’s monopoly on force. All over Africa countries are at risk. No area of the world is without its dangerous cases. In such areas chaos is the norm and war is a way of life. In so far as there is a government it operates in a way similar to an organised crime syndicate.

The premodern state may be too weak even to secure its home territory, let alone pose a threat internationally, but it can provide a base for non-state actors who may represent a danger to the postmodern world. If non-state actors, notably drug, crime, or terrorist syndicates take to using premodern bases for attacks on the more orderly parts of the world, then the organised states may eventually have to respond. If they become too dangerous for established states to tolerate, it is possible to imagine a defensive imperialism.

To become involved in a zone of chaos is risky; if the intervention is prolonged it may become unsustainable in public opinion; if the intervention is unsuccessful it may be damaging to the government that ordered it. But the risks of letting countries rot, as the West did Afghanistan, may be even greater.

It is precisely because of the death of imperialism that we are seeing the emergence of the pre-modern world. Empire and imperialism are words that have become a form of abuse in the postmodern world. Today, there are no colonial powers willing to take on the job, though the opportunities, perhaps even the need for colonisation is as great as it ever was in the nineteenth century. Those left out of the global economy risk falling into a vicious circle. Weak government means disorder and that means falling investment. In the 1950s, South Korea had a lower GNP per head than Zambia: the one has achieved membership of the global economy, the other has not.

Postmodern imperialism takes two forms. First there is the voluntary imperialism of the global economy. This is usually operated by an international consortium through International Financial Institutions such as the IMF and the World Bank …

The second form of postmodern imperialism might be called the imperialism of neighbours. Instability in your neighbourhood poses threats which no state can ignore. Misgovernment, ethnic violence and crime in the Balkans poses a threat to Europe. The response has been to create something like a voluntary UN protectorate in Bosnia and Kosovo.

It is dangerous if a neighbouring state is taken over in some way by organised or disorganised crime – which is what state collapse usually amounts to. But Usama bin Laden has now demonstrated for those who had not already realised, that today all the world is, potentially at least, our neighbour.

While you are a candidate for EU membership you have to accept what is given – a whole mass of laws and regulations – as subject countries once did. But the prize is that once you are inside you will have a voice in the commonwealth. If this process is a kind of voluntary imperialism, the end state might be describes as a cooperative empire. ‘Commonwealth’ might indeed not be a bad name.

the ‘imperial bureaucracy’ must be under control, accountable, and the servant, not the master, of the commonwealth. Such an institution must be as dedicated to liberty and democracy as its constituent parts. Like Rome, this commonwealth would provide its citizens with some of its laws, some coins and the occasional road.

In the modern world the secret race to acquire nuclear weapons goes on. In the premodern world the interests of organised crime – including international terrorism – grow greater and faster than the state. »

The new liberal imperialism
Robert Cooper

jc durbant @ 15:19
Catégorie(s): Généralités


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9 réponses à “Pour un néo-impérialisme et un néo-colonialisme humanitaires”

  • 9
    jc durbant:

    Et si c’était la Division 39 et son groupe Lazare ?

  • 8
    jc durbant:

    Bienvenue aux nouvelles guerres barbaresques !

    The attacks were reminiscent of the hack that took down dozens of websites last October, including Twitter, Spotify and PayPal, that exploited devices connected to the internet, including printers and baby monitors. The hacking tool used on Friday was ransomware, a kind of malware that encrypts data, locks out the user and demands a ransom to release it. Security experts say the tool exploited a vulnerability in Microsoft systems that was discovered and developed by the National Security Agency of the United States. The ransomware, known as WannaCry, was leaked by a group calling itself the Shadow Brokers, which has been dumping stolen N.S.A. hacking tools online since last year. Microsoft rolled out a patch for the vulnerability in March, but hackers apparently took advantage of the fact that vulnerable targets — particularly hospitals — had yet to update their systems or had ignored advisories from Microsoft to do so….

    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/12/world/europe/uk-national-health-service-cyberattack.html

    http://lexpansion.lexpress.fr/high-tech/victime-d-une-cyber-attaque-un-hopital-americain-paye-une-rancon-de-15-000-euros_1765054.html

  • 7
    Islam:

    En 38 !!!! Depuis TOOOOOOOOOOOOOOUT ce temps !!!!

  • 6
    jc durbant:

    « Entre porter secours et coloniser, il y a tout de même une différence. »

    Oui, et c’est justement et hélas le problème de l’Afrique noire qui n’a ni l’un ni l’autre et s’enfonce chaque jour un peu plus dans le sous-développement …

  • 5
    Ataulfo:

    « C’est pas ce qu’on disait déjà en 38 quand les nazis commençaient à massacrer les Juifs … ? »

    Je ne crois pas. Entre porter secours et coloniser, il y a tout de même une différence.

    Qui plus est parler de colonisation alors qu’on ne parvient pas pas à défendre nos société des efforts pathétiques de quelques barbus mongoliens relève de l’absurde.

  • 4
    jc durbant:

    C’est pas ce qu’on disait déjà en 38 quand les nazis commençaient à massacrer les Juifs … ?

    Et qu »on a redit en en 75 pour les Cambodgiens, puis en 94 pour les Toutsis du Rwanda … ?

    Et qu’on a répété toutes ces années au Moyen-Orient et en Afghanistan jusqu’à ce qu’ on se retrouve avec un… 11/9 sur les bras ?

  • 3
    Ataulfo:

    Plus de fardeau de l’homme blanc, s’il vous plaît.

    Laissons le monde se débrouiller tout seul

  • 2
    jc durbant:

    C’est effectivement devenu hors de prix au niveau d’un Etat seul (voir les problèmes actuels de la Françafrique) mais pas impossible au niveau multitlatéral (voir le travail des différents organismes d’assistance financière plus ou moins liés aux Nations Unies: Banque mondiale, FMI, OMC ou l’action de la CE par rapport à l’Europe ex-communiste, ou les organisations de sécurité ou maintien de la paix et de reconstruction, comme l’OTAN et l’ONU au Kosovo qui est sous véritable tutelle internationale et où notre Kouchner national tenait un moment le rôle d’un véritable proconsul) …

  • 1
    Frédéric:

    L’Occident à abandonner l’Impérialiste il y a plus de 50 ans que les couts étaient trop élevés et le profit négligable, Aujourd’hui la situation est encore pire.
















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